What is history?
History is the study of people, places and events in the past.
History involves the study of ‘chronology’ which involves sequencing events and dates in order of occurrence.
What the National Curriculum says about History
The Purpose of studying history
Children need to study history to gain knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the world. Studying history equips children to ask perceptive questions, think critically and consider evidence from the past.
Aims of studying history
· For children to know and understand chronologically how people’s lives have shaped Britain and how Britain has been influenced by the wider world.
· For children to know and understand about; ancient civilizations, the expansion and dissolution of empires and characteristic features of past non-European societies.
· For children to understand the terms empire, civilization, parliament and peasantry.
· For children to understand historical concepts such as; continuity and change, cause and consequence and similarity, difference and significance.
· For children to use historical concepts to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically valid questions and create their own structured accounts.
· For children to understand the methods of historical enquiry and how evidence is used to make historical claims.
· For children to gain historical perspective by placing their knowledge into different contexts and timescales.
What we do at Ladywood
Key Stage 1
At Ladywood Key Stage 1 pupils learn about changes within their living memory, significant national and global events, the lives of significant individuals who have contributed to national or international achievements and local history.
Topics studied in Year 1 and 2 are:
· Great Fire of London – This topic teaches children about events in living memory that are significant nationally. They learn about where the people and events fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and difference between ways of life in different periods.
· Seaside Rescue – This topic teaches children about a significant individual in the past, Grace Darling. The children learn about her life, how she became famous and compare life in the past with our lives now.
· Treasure – This topic places pirates in history. We look at some famous pirates and, using books and the internet, research them.
· Dungeons and Dragons – In this topic we look at castles in England and then around the World. The children find out how people lived in medieval times.
Key Stage 2
Key Stage 2 pupils at Ladywood develop chronological knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history using historical terms, historically valid questions and relevant historical information.
Topics studied in Year 3 and 4 are:
· Vikings – In this topic we find out about the Viking Raids as well as who the Vikings were, how they came to settle in the UK and how Vikings lived.
· Tudors – In this topic we talk about: the changing powers of monarchs, how the Tudors lived and we find out about the colourful life of Henry VIII and his 6 wives!
· World War II – In this topic we find out when and why World War II broke out, significant events during the war and what life was like for children during this time.
· Ancient Egypt - In this topic we learn about what life was like during Ancient Egypt. We find out about Pharaohs, pyramids and the secrets about civilisation. Our favourite learning in this topic is most definitely the gruesome process of mummification!
Topics studied in Year 5 and 6 are:
· Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age – this topic covers a study of changing lifestyles, art and culture from the Stone Age to the Roman Invasion. During this study the development from cave man hunter/gatherers to tribal farming communities is investigated.
· Barnsley and Beyond – this topic covers a study of local history in particular the mining industry, and contrasts it with a non-European community.
· The Greek Legacy – this topic teaches children about Ancient Greece art, sculpture and architecture, and how these shaped modern European civilization.
· The Battle of Britain – this is a short study of a turning point in British History and indeed World War II as it was the start of the defeat of Nazi domination.
Trips and visits
Education trips and visits are often used to reinforce and enhance teaching and learning for our children. Such visits are an invaluable experience for our school community and at times give children the opportunity to dress up in costumes as well as explore artefacts from the past.
What parents and carers can do to help their children
Being actively engaged within your child’s learning is a mutually beneficial for both parents and children. Your child will reinforce their learning by talking to you about some of the things they have been learning about at school.
· Talk to children about their own past using photographs and events.
· Tell children about how things have changed since you were their age.
· Discuss immediate family and look at photographs of parents and grandparents when they were young and at significant times in the lives ie school photos, marriage, birth of children, holidays.
· Walk around the local area and discuss how things have changed within the child’s memory. Tell them what the area was like when you were yonger.
· Identify differences between buildings and the ages of buildings in the local area.
· Share non-fiction historical books about individuals and events from the past with your child – children enjoy finding out about important individuals such as Florence Nightingale and events which impacted upon the World such as the sinking of the Titanic.
· Use the internet safely with your child to learn about people and events in the past.
· Visit local museums within Barnsley such as: Barnsley Experience Museum, Cannon Hall Museum, Worsbrough Water Mill and Yorkshire Mining Museum.
· Visit other nearby museums to inform the children about the past such as York Railway Museum and Castle Museum York.
· Sharing Horrible History books with older children is fun for both adults and children –children are very attracted to the most gruesome information and remember it!